Types Of Rice Polishers: Abrasive Vs. Friction Polishers

Published on: 2023-10-09 20:46
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Before it reaches our plates, rice, an essential grain for more than half of the world's population, goes through many processing steps. Polishing is necessary for this procedure since it improves the rice's look and increases its nutritional content and shelf life. Abrasive and friction polishers, two popular rice polishers, are essential to this procedure. This essay will thoroughly examine these two polishing techniques' mechanics, benefits, and applications. 

Abrasive Rice Polishers

  • Mechanism

To remove the outer covering of the rice grains, abrasive rice polishers use a mix of friction and abrasion. The bran and germ layers of the rice kernels are removed by the friction caused by the abrasive surface, which is commonly comprised of emery or silicon carbide. This procedure produces a smoother and more transparent look, typically related to polished rice. 

  • Advantages

High Polishing Efficiency: Abrasive polishers are very effective and can polish to a high degree in a short amount of time. 

Consistent Quality: They offer constant polishing, guaranteeing consistency in the rice's look and texture. 

Reduced Breakage: Abrasive polishers tend to break rice less frequently than friction polishers. 

  • Applications

Abrasive rice polishers are widely used in large-scale rice mills, where efficiency and uniformity are paramount. They are favored for processing long-grain rice varieties like Basmati and Jasmine, where maintaining the aesthetic appeal is crucial.

Friction Rice Polishers

  • Mechanism

Friction rice polishers operate on a different principle. Instead of abrasives, they use frictional forces to remove the outer layers of rice grains. The rice kernels pass through a rotating chamber with a rough surface, which generates heat and friction. This process causes the outer layers to loosen and detach from the kernel.

  • Advantages

Lower Heat Generation: Friction polishers produce less heat during the polishing process compared to abrasive polishers. This is particularly important for preserving the nutritional content of the rice.

Gentle On Fragile Grains: They are well-suited for polishing delicate rice varieties prone to breakage, such as short-grain or glutinous rice.

Energy Efficiency: Friction polishers tend to be more energy-efficient, making them a sustainable choice for some rice processing facilities.

  • Applications

Friction rice polishers find their niche in processing specialty rice varieties, such as short-grain or sticky rice. They are also favored in facilities prioritizing energy conservation and preserving the rice's nutritional value.

Choosing the Right Polisher

Selecting the appropriate polisher depends on various factors, including the type of rice being processed, the desired level of polishing, and the facility's processing capacity. While abrasive polishers excel in large-scale operations focusing on uniformity and efficiency, friction polishers are preferred for specialty rice varieties and facilities emphasizing nutritional retention.


Both abrasive and friction rice polishers play indispensable roles in the rice processing industry. Each type brings unique advantages and applications, catering to the diverse needs of rice mills worldwide. Understanding the mechanisms and benefits of these polishers enables rice producers to make informed decisions, ultimately contributing to producing high-quality rice for global consumption. As technology advances, further innovations in rice polishing methods will likely emerge, further enhancing the efficiency and sustainability of this crucial step in the rice production process.


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